[英语完形填空常用词汇集] 完形填空常用词汇

来源:考试总结 发布时间:2019-07-11 08:46:21 点击:

英语完形填空常用词汇集 1“看” look 看的动作/ see看的结果; watch 观察/observe为了研究进行的观察;

notice 注意/catch sight of看见;stare 好奇地看/ glare瞪着看;

glance 瞅见/glimpse瞥见;see a film 看电影/watch TV看电视

2“说” tell sth to sb = tell sb sth 告诉的内容 talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的交流 say sth 诉说的内容 speak in English说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain 讨价还价 chat 聊天 repeat 重复 explain 解释 warn 警告 remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论debate 辩论 figure 指出declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 admit 承认deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气 quarrel 大吵

4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问

5“答” answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复

6 “听” listen to听的动作 hear 听的结果 pick up收听 overhear 无意听到

7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 drop a line 写信 draw 画

take down/write down写下,记下

8“拿/放” take拿走 bring 拿来 hold 举着 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性)

fetch 拿来拿去 lift 举 Put 放 lay 铺/放置 pull 拉/push推

9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠

10“打” hit一次性的打击 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到

blow 吹刮 attack 攻击

11“扔” throw扔 drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇

12“送” send寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行

13“摸/抱” touch摸 /fold折叠 /embrace拥抱 / hug抱/hold 握 in one’s arms

14“踢/碰” kick踢/knock敲/ tip 轻敲

15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑fly crawl 匍匐前进

16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand站,耸立/ lean斜靠

17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap打盹 be asleep bend turn over翻身 rest

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing

19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying 20“找/查” find找到 look for正在找过程 find out查明 discover/explore 发现/探索

hunt for search for seek / seek for in search of 寻找 search sb 搜身 search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地

check 检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察

21“穿” put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态

make-up 化装 get changed换衣服 be in red Take off 脱 remove 去除

22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste

treat sb to请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess

24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) great loss die die off 相继死去 die away 逐渐消失

25“有” have 有 own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess

26“无” nothing left the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone

27“增/减” rise / go up /drop

人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease

28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay pay off pay for sell on sale bargain

bill / cheque / cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts

29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive live show turn up

disappear die die out pass away be out of sight

30“变化” develop improve become grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative adj. ) turn + colour change /change into reform

31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize

understand remember be familiar with recall recite apply to

32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win lose fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. into reality

33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会

35赞美/批评 praise think highly of / blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame

criticize /scold sb. for sth. have a low opinion of sb speak ill of

36喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off

37判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt

38到达 arrive at reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth

39受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from

suffer a loss

40损坏 damage destroy ruin break down be broken crash

41修复 repair rebuild restore fix recover oneself

42支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive refuse turn down

be against elect vote for/ against

43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker 44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand persuade 说服

45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense

46 省/存钱 save /save up/set aside/put away/spare no effort/time

47 参加 take part in join /join in attend/compete in/ for/against

48控告 accuse sb. of charge sb. With

49 救治 help /help out/save /rescue sb from sth. treat 过程 / cure 结果sb. Of sth/aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing 50敬佩 admire/respect/show respect for/to adore envy/be jealousy in honor of

51逃避 ran away/escape from/flee/hide

52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth forbid doing sth. ban prohibit 53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with/tackle/overcome sth/solve settle54 效

仿 copy/imitate/learn from/learn

54 爆发/发生 come about/happen to/take place/break out/burst out/go off/

explosion

55安装/装备 fasten/fix/set/equip

be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with装备有

56 追求 pursuit/ran after/seek after/chase/catch up with赶上/keep up with跟上

57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as把什么看成 think about想起 consider

think over仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb.

58 打算 plan / intend / design to do/ be going to do /be about to do /will do

59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if as though

60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down

名词类:

1假期vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking

3职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher

conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard

4餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin

5诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient

6车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.

7身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist

8意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy

9才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable

10优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness

11目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith

12方式 means method way manner approach

13身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图

15文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记 Files form make a list of

16课堂class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks

17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

18建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation

19气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike

give sb. a lift/ride

21习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯例(名词) 22感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense

23情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off 25 运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player Coach judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/

26衣服 clothes , cloth , clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

27事件 incident , accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

形容词类:

1人的各种感受

乐happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused

悲 sad unhappy painful bitter

平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful

烦bother bored be fed up with

震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed

怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid

失望desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed

满意be satisfied with /be content to do

生气 annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage

2 表程度的副词类

narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very/ quite

accidently/ once in a while occasionaly/ once far / by far

farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus

„.

易考的近义词组:

run/ manage grow/ plant leave/remain fit/ suit/ match hit/ beat/strike meet/ satisfy touch /feel play /performer contain/ hold /seat/ fill lie/sit/locate help/work/ do

fall/ sink/ drop matter/ problem /trouble/ money/ account

cause/ reason that’s why/ that’s because because/ since,as/ for last/ continue keep/ stay/ treat/ cure/ operate separate/ divide stand/ bear/tolerate/hold turn/become/go change/vary/range provide/supply/offer/ give/send

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